The Crow Rock Massacre


May 1 , 1791 Crow Rock Massacre in Greene County , Pennsylvania . * ( From The History of Marshall County ,West Virginia published in 1879 ) According to the statement of a fourth sister, who was an eye witness of the horrid tragedy and herself almost a victim, the four left their parents’ house for an evening walk along the deeply-shaded banks of that beautiful stream. Their walk extended over a mile, and they were just turning back, when suddenly several Indians sprang from behind a ledge of rocks and seized all four of the sisters. With scarcely a moment’s interruption, the savages led the captives a short distance up a small bank, when a halt was called and a parley took place. It seems that some of the Indians were in favor of immediate slaughter, while others were disposed to carry them into permanent captivity.

Unfortunately, the arm of mercy was powerless. Without warning, a fierce-looking savage stepped from the group, with elevated tomahawk, and commenced the work of death. This Indian, in the language of Lena, “Began to tomahawk one of my sisters-Susan by name. Susan dodged her head to one side, the tomahawk taking effect in her neck, cutting the juglar vein, the blood gushing out a yard’s length. The Indian who held her hand jumped back to avoid the blood. The other Indian then began the work of death on my sister Elizabeth, and a third on Katie.”

Lena (Christina) thus describes her escape: “I gave a sudden jerk and got loose from the one that held me and ran with all speed, taking up a steep bank, but just as I caught hold of a bush to help myself up, the Indian fired and the ball passed through the clump of hair on my head, slightly breaking the skin. I gained the top in safety, the Indian taking round in order to meet me as I would strike the path that led homeward. But I ran right from home and hid myself in the bushes near the top of the hill. Presently I saw an Indian passing along the hill below me; I lay still until he was out of sight; I then made for home.”

She lived to be an old woman. The real tragedy is that Michael, one of their brothers, came upon them just moments before on horseback and offered to give the youngest sister a ride back to the house, which was mile away. Of course, the attackers waited until Michael was well out of site before scalping the girls. The remainder of the family fled to the nearest fort, which was 15-20 miles away, in Prosperity, Pa. Another Brother Of The Crow Sisters Named Jacob was afterward slain by the Indians while out hunting on Fish Creek, in what is now Wetzel county. He and his two brothers were together. Jacob was shot nine times. Martin and Frederick were wounded, but they both escaped.

The Crow Rock Massacre Memorial is next to Stone Coal Run ( Stone Coal Run is a stream ) in West Greene County Pa .

Christina Crow (the surviving sister of this attack) is my 5th great grandmother. The family moved to Ohio where Christina met and married Jacob McBride.

You can find more about these sisters at various websites. Much was written about the Crow family and the massacre.

Just so you are all aware, there is a podcast that was done at the location of the massacre. The facts are NOT correct in this podcast. If anybody would like to listen to it, you can find it here: Podcast

Mendenhall History Part 4

Murder of the Mendenhalls

Edward III died A. D. 1377, and forty-five years after this date, 1442, Henry VI ascended the throne, and in his reign commenced the sanguinary struggles between the Houses of York and Lancaster, that continued so long to deluge England with blood, the inhabitants of Wiltshire were conspicuous for their attachments to the Henries. A great number of them were slain at the battle of Tewkesbury, where the Lancastrians were defeated, and bore the brunt of the fatal day, which contributed to confirm the diadem on the head of Edward.

This battle was fought A. D. 1471. Ten years prior to this battle, A. D. 1461 the battle of Towton, in Yorkshire, was fought, where the Lancastrians were defeated, and by the orders of Edward IV, slain with unremitting fury. The gentry of Wiltshire, with so much of the nobility as resided there, must have suffered, as the whole kingdom was arrayed on one side or the other, in like proportion.

No one after this can suppose but that the Wiltshire Mildenhalls, who had been so distinguished by royal favor, must have suffered in life and estate during the eventful struggle. 

Perhaps the manor of Mildenhall in Wilts was confiscated, the principals slain, and the minor branches and their descendants left to their own personal  resources for future subsistance. The estate at Marriadge Hill might have been a remnant of the ancient family patrimony.

The Hungorford family, who had vast estates in Wiltshire as well as in Berkshire, forfeited them for their attachment to the House of Lancaster; but in the reign of Henry VII, the attainders were reserved, and the honor and the lands were restored to the family. The Mildenhalls, it is presumed, were not so fortunate.

For some centuries past there have been families of the name of Mildenhall residing in the towns and villages about this part of the country, chiefly tradesmen, farmers, and inkeepers, and which it is presumed, were decendants of the ancient stock. 

Decendants leaving the area found that the name Mildenhall was seen to be corrupted and transitioned the name into Mendenhall.

Mendenhall History Part 3

Mendenhalls and the Dutch

Sir John Mildenhall Treaty-Making with the Emperor of Delhi, the Great Mogul.

In the Gentleman’s Magazine, for 1802, is given list of Priors of several religious houses in the diocese of London. It is stated that the Prior of St. Mary Bethlehem, in the year 1388 and some years subsequent, was John Mildenhall. This appointment happened in the eleventh of Richard II, the successor of Edward III, who had consequently been dead only eleven years.

“It was no sooner known in London that the Dutch had penetrated beyond the Cape of Good Hope, than the English merchants determined, at all hazards to keep pace with their rivals. An Association was formed in 1599, and a fund raised by subscription, the management of which was intrusted to a committee of fifteen persons, while a second application was made, with greater earnestness than before, for the royal sanction upon the company preceedings; but Elizabeth, though well inclined to the measure, was deterred from giving it her countenance in consequence of the treaty then pending between England and Spain. she contented herself, therefore, with referring the memorial to her Privy Council, which made a favorable report; and in the course of the same year, John Mildenhall was sent overland, by the route of Constantinople, on an embassy to the Great Mogul.”

In 1599 the Dutch, who held control of the whole of the East India trade, raised the price of Pepper in this country from 3s to 6s and 8s. The direct result of this action was a combination of London merchants who formed themselves into an association to trade direct with India. Queen Elizabeth encouraged the venture and dispached Sir John Mildenhall as her Ambassador to the Emperor of Delhi to obtain trading facilities and privileges. Thus was laid the first stone of our Indian Empire.

Mendenhall History Part 2

Extracts from Ancient Records

While looking at old documents from England, I found the Mildenhall/Mendenhall name several times. I have recorded those events and will now share them here with all of you.

Third year of Edward I, A. D. 1275
“Ralph de Mildhale, mentioned in the Rotuli Hotuli Hundredorum under the inquisition taken at Marlborough.”

A. D. 1301
“Sir John de Mildenhale, knight, presented a clerk to the Rectory of Mildenhale, near Marlborough.”

Sixth of Edward III, A. D. 1313
“Geffry de Mildenhale, John de Mildenhale, Ferour, with many others, accompanied the king to foreign parts beyond the sea.”

Nineteenth of Edward II A. D. 1326
Letters of protection and attorney issued to many who were about to accompany the King into France; among them “Magister Johannis de Mildenhale.”eld

Third of Edward III, A. D. 1330
“John de Mildenhale held 50 acres of land in Wydesore Forest.”

Twelfth of Edward III, A. D. 1339
“Letters of protection given by the King to many gentlemen, among the rest to Thomas de Mildenhale, and to John de Mildenhale, who were about to go i company with Phillippa, Queen of England, into foreign parts beyond the sea.”

Fourteenth of Edward III, A. D. 1341
“The King conferred to John de Mildenhale in fee, fifty-eight and a half acres of woodland, in the Forest of Windesore, in consideration of 19s 6d per annum.”

Twentieth of Edward III, A. D. 1347
“The King issues a warrant for the delivery of two hundred bows and four hundred arrows, to Robert de Mildenhale, ‘Nostro delecto clerico’ for the service of the French war.”

Twenty-first of Edward III, A. D. 1348
“The same Robert, ‘our beloved clerk,’ appears as Keeper of the Jewels in the Tower and is directed by the King to deliver two chests of ornaments to be taken to Calais for the service of the chapel, on the ensuing feast of Easter.”

Twenty-fourth of Edward III, A. D. 1351
“Another warrant to deliver nineteen hundred and 40 quivers of arrows to Robert de Mildenhale at the Tower.”

Twenty-eighth of Edward III, A. D. 1355
“A Warrant directed to Richard Mildenhale, and others, to make inquiry respecting the standard measures.”

Twenty-ninth of Edward III, A. D. 1356
“Edward de Mildenhale gave to a certain chaplain, certain lands with appurtnances, in Mildenhale, County, Suffolk.”

Mendenhall History

The Mendenhall family originates in Mildenhall, Wiltshire, England. The original family name was derived from this town and was changed several generations ago to what it is today.

Mildenhall, Wiltshire, England

Mildenhall is a small parish and picturesque village situated one and a half miles from Marlborough in the Eastern Division of Wilts, Marlborough Union and County Court District, and Diocese of Salisbury. It includes the tithings of Poulton and Stitchcombe.

The Mildenhall Church of St. John the Baptist is an old flint building, with a square tower containing a peal of 5 bells; the interior is lined with polished oak, with pews and pulpit of the same, admirably carved.

The register dates from 1560. There is a Protestant Free School with master’s house attached, built in 1824, which was founded by the Rev. C. Francis, who was rector of this parish for 33 years, and at his death bequeathed £4000 for the building and endowment.

In this parish the Roman road from Aquce Solis (Bath) to Spinae (Newberry), and the road Corinium (Cirencester) to Venta Belgarum (Winchester) meet and probably determined the site of the Roman station, termed Cunetio or Cunetium. Here the Romans appear to have established themselves. They had a town in what is now known as Blackfield, and a military camp of considerable earthworks, on the Hill at Folly, the two being connected by a fosse or covered way.

Roman coins are found in large quantities and the date pricipally after Gallenius A.D. 268; bronze relics and pottery are also found while diggings have disclosed fragments of tessolated pavements, of frescoes, and also of foundations. A well was explored by the late Rev. Charles Soames, which produced some fine pieces of Samian ware.

In all these towns the Mildenhalls were quite numerous. The old town of Mildenhall in Wilts is an old town and an old land mark, but has not increased very much in population, and is not found on all maps. It is only a small country place of only a few houses and lies off the Great throroughfare, while Mildenhall in Suffolk is quite a market town of several thousand inhabitants with a stream navigable for barges and a good buisiness town. It may be found upon almost any map.